What do Ophthalmologists do?

Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.

  • Perform ophthalmic surgeries such as cataract, glaucoma, refractive, corneal, vitro-retinal, eye muscle, and oculoplastic surgeries.
  • Perform comprehensive examinations of the visual system to determine the nature or extent of ocular disorders.
  • Diagnose or treat injuries, disorders, or diseases of the eye and eye structures including the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, or eyelids.
  • Document or evaluate patients' medical histories.
  • Provide or direct the provision of postoperative care.
  • Perform, order, or interpret the results of diagnostic or clinical tests.
  • Develop treatment plans based on patients' histories and goals, the nature and severity of disorders, and treatment risks and benefits.
  • Prescribe or administer topical or systemic medications to treat ophthalmic conditions and to manage pain.
  • Perform laser surgeries to alter, remove, reshape, or replace ocular tissue.
  • Provide ophthalmic consultation to other medical professionals.
  • Educate patients about maintenance and promotion of healthy vision.
  • Collaborate with multidisciplinary teams of health professionals to provide optimal patient care.
  • Refer patients for more specialized treatments when conditions exceed the experience, expertise, or scope of practice of practitioner.
  • Develop or implement plans and procedures for ophthalmologic services.
  • Instruct interns, residents, or others in ophthalmologic procedures and techniques.
  • Prescribe ophthalmologic treatments or therapies such as chemotherapy, cryotherapy, and low vision therapy.
  • Prescribe corrective lenses such as glasses and contact lenses.
  • Conduct clinical or laboratory-based research in ophthalmology.

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Necessary Skills

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Critical Thinking
  • Instructing
  • Active Listening
  • Active Learning
  • Speaking
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Writing