What do Ophthalmologists do?
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.
- Perform ophthalmic surgeries such as cataract, glaucoma, refractive, corneal, vitro-retinal, eye muscle, and oculoplastic surgeries.
- Perform comprehensive examinations of the visual system to determine the nature or extent of ocular disorders.
- Diagnose or treat injuries, disorders, or diseases of the eye and eye structures including the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, or eyelids.
- Document or evaluate patients' medical histories.
- Provide or direct the provision of postoperative care.
- Perform, order, or interpret the results of diagnostic or clinical tests.
- Develop treatment plans based on patients' histories and goals, the nature and severity of disorders, and treatment risks and benefits.
- Prescribe or administer topical or systemic medications to treat ophthalmic conditions and to manage pain.
- Perform laser surgeries to alter, remove, reshape, or replace ocular tissue.
- Provide ophthalmic consultation to other medical professionals.
- Educate patients about maintenance and promotion of healthy vision.
- Collaborate with multidisciplinary teams of health professionals to provide optimal patient care.
- Refer patients for more specialized treatments when conditions exceed the experience, expertise, or scope of practice of practitioner.
- Develop or implement plans and procedures for ophthalmologic services.
- Instruct interns, residents, or others in ophthalmologic procedures and techniques.
- Prescribe ophthalmologic treatments or therapies such as chemotherapy, cryotherapy, and low vision therapy.
- Prescribe corrective lenses such as glasses and contact lenses.
- Conduct clinical or laboratory-based research in ophthalmology.
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